The town of Biar is located within the province of Alicante at 650 meters above sea level. It sits in the foothills of the Sierra Mariola, only 45km far Alicante (2 freeways). It has an area of 97.9 km2 it has a length of 97.9 km is the most forested and her are natural sources and numerous public sources. For location, Biar mountain offers the possibility to practice all kinds of outdoor sports, watching and enjoying the scenery. For hiking enthusiasts are greatly appreciated areas of Fontanella, the Reconco and Penya Tallá. You are all easily accessible from the town. There are short-distance trails that pass through these areas; PRV-155 Serra Frare, PR-55 Serra de la Fontanella, botanical trail Reconco and botanical trail Frare. Today it is included on the following routes: Camino de Santiago, Camino del Cid and others.
The town of Biar was important bastion in the defense of muslims who make the valley of Biar, given the importance of its strategic location, on the edge of the conquests of Aragon and Castilla. The boundary of the two crowns was fixed at the port of Biar by the treaty of Cazorla (1179) and then confirmed in 1244 in Almizra (Campo de Mirra), assigning Villena to Castilla and Aragon to Biar. James I the Conqueror, after a siege of five months, seized the castle, which meant the end of the conquest of the kingdom of Valencia. In 1287 he became a real town with vote in Parliament. Given its border location had significant involvement in the wars between Castilla and Aragon, during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
Biar Castle, was declared a national monument on June 4, 1931. It is situated on a rocky hill 750 meters above sea level is of muslim origin and chronologically situated mid-twelfth century. Its structure is maintained, retains a double walled and castellated with corresponding step round with four buckets outside and two inside his tidy around the great Master tower or keep, square and three floors. The tower of 19 meters high built with mortar of lime and sand (mud) in its interior retains the example considered the oldest in the Almohad style vaults. At the foot of the castle lies the old barbican and its structure is medieval layout. The villa is surrounded by walls, flanked by two doors which give access portal Vila and archway of San Roque and Portal Torreta.